SIMILARITIES

  • They believe in same supreme god
  • They are both monotheistic
  • Believe in similar prophets
  • Believe god created man
  • Have holy book (bible or quran)
  • Both have common origin through abraham
  • Believe in similar angels
  • Women have limited power

the quran
the quran
the bible
the bible




Christianity
    • Most popular religion in Europe
    • No empires started by Christianity, only accepted the faith (Although European Imperialism was motivated by missionary purposes, which could be considered empire building!)
    • Different branches ( Orthodox, Roman Catholic)
    • Different branches fought about:
      • sacrament of communion
      • whether priests should marry
      • use of local languages in the church
      • worship of saints and
    • Have an order of religious leaders (Pope on top)
    • Branches of Christianity country/area based
    • Roman Catholic church acted more like empire than church
      • Pope was like king
    • Feudalism: social, economic, and political system of Middle Ages
      • Christianity influenced code of chivalry
      • Most people were Christian during age of feudalism in Europe
    • Crusades : military campaigns undertaken by European Christians of the 11th through 14th centures to take over the Holy Land
      • Heresies: religious practices or beliefs that do not conform to traditional church doctrine
      • Also converted many Muslims and others of non-Christian beliefs to Christianity
    • Inquisition : interrogation and persecution process for heretics
      • taken apon Roman Catholic Church to make Christianity a stronger power
    • Christianity had little to no followers in Asia and Africa
    • Trade helped spread Christianity as well as bring heretic ideas to Europe
    • Missionaries: helped spread Christianity in distant lands
    • All Christians practiced monogamy (one spouse)

Islam
    • Most popular religion in Middle East and Northern Africa
    • Founded by the prophet Muhammad (570-632)
      • Has led to many empires (Umayyad, Abbasid, Safavid, Ottoman, etc.) Umayyad Caliphate-7th-8th century Sunni empire with capital at Damascus
      • Abbasid Caliphate-8th-13th century Sunni empire with capital at Baghdad
      • Safavid Dynasty-16th-18th century based on Twelver Shia Islam, multiple capitals, solely in Middle East
      • Ottoman Empire- 13th -20th century Sunni empire with multiple capitals (Constantinople for most of the Empire's rule)
    • The religion split into 2 sects after Muhammad's death over a dispute about the succession of power
      • Sunnis(70% of Muslims) believe that Abu Bakr was the correct first successor of Muhammad and they endorsed the four "rightly guided Caliphs"
      • Shia(20% of Muslims) did not follow the first three "rightly guided Caliphs" and believe that Ali was the rightful successor to power after Muhammad
    • There is no hierarchy in Islam, Muslims pray directly to God
    • Islam is Based on the Five pillars of Islam
      • Profession of faith and belief in Allah
      • Praying five times per day facing Mecca
      • Alms-giving to those in need
      • Fasting during the month of Ramadan
      • At least one pilgrimage to Mecca in one's lifetime (Hajj)
    • Islam spread through both conquest, and the spread of ideas in it's early days
    • The Ka'ba a is the holiest shrine in the Islamic faith, which is located in Mecca, and which Muslims are required to visit at least once in their lifetime.vvv
    • the-kaba-02-500.jpg
      the-kaba-02-500.jpg
    • Muslims fought in the Crusades against Christians over the Holy Land
    • The Muslim Holy Book is called the Quran
    • The Quran allows a man to have up to 4 wives in Islam

Creators: Michael Byrne, Abby Aldridge, Justin Ferguson
Evaluators: Melissa Roetker; Cory DeMarco
Comments: could use elaboration on similarities (what makes them similar?)
-- Overall good info

-- Lable pictures up top better ( which goes with which religion?)
-- Expand on similarities