Europe
  • Europe, specifically Britain, began to industrialize much faster than Asia, this all came about because of three things:
    • Access to coal deposits
    • The exploitation of overseas resources provided a context that increased the odds for an industrial breakthrough
    • And the consumer demand for cotton products drove the development of a British cotton textile industry
  • Britain started by building factories and moving people out of their agrarian communities
  • they also started coming up with new technologies to accommodate this new industry:
    • had to do with weaving and spinning
    • John Kay-flying shuttle-sped up weaving process
    • Samuel Crompton-Mule-sped up spinning process
    • Edmund Cartwright-water driven power loom-keep up with production of thread
    • James Watt-Steam Engine
  • Iron and Steel industries also became industrialized:
    • New technologies-
    • Coke-fuel to produce iron
    • Bigger blast furnaces
    • iron became cheaper and became common in nearly everything, from bridges to ships
    • Henry Bessemer-Bessemer converter-produce steel cheaply and in large quantities
  • As industry grew, big businesses and corporations came about and factories sprang up everywhere
  • French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars set the stage for industrialization in western Europe by abolishing internal trade barriers and dismantling guilds that discouraged technological innovation and restricted movement of laborers
  • Earliest center of Industry was Belgium:
    • coal, iron, textile, glass, and armaments production flourished
  • France:
    • Employed skilled workers from Britain who helped establish mechanized textile and metallurgical industries in France
    • Boom in railroad construction stimulated economic development while also leading to decreased transportation costs.
  • Germany:
    • Started off slow, political instability.
    • Coal and iron production soon soared
    • extensive railroad network
  • Bismarck:
    • Heavy industry for militarization
    • huge businesses-mining, armaments production, and shipbuilding
  • was not opposed by the government as much as in Japan
  • Working conditions were tough during industrialization, especially for working class peoples in factories, populations grew and peoples migrated to places like North America in search for new lives.
  • New social classes arose which included child labor and industrial families
  • Utopian socialists and others reformed society and created trade unions to advance the quest for a just and equitable society for workers.

external image moz-screenshot.jpgexternal image moz-screenshot-1.jpg
external image moz-screenshot-2.jpgexternal image smokestack2.jpg

D1. Compare the causes and early phases of the Industrial Revolution in western Europe and Japan
Link to extremely detailed review of Japans Industrialization
D1. Compare the causes and early phases of the Industrial Revolution in western Europe and Japan
Link to wikipedia page on industrialization around the world

Japan
  • Asia took much longer to stray away from it's agrarian society
  • originally the Tokugawa shogunate had opposed modernization and industrialization of Japan, but imperial authorities soon pushed industrialization
  • The government hired thousands of foreign experts to instruct Japanese workers and managers in the techniques of modern industry
  • Also, to boost industrialization, the Japanese government modernized:
    • iron foundries
    • dockyards
    • they founded new businesses
    • opened schools and universities specializing in scientific and technical fields
    • constructed railroads and mines
    • organized systems of banking
    • established mechanized industries like ship building, armaments, silk, cotton, chemicals, and glass to further expand their industrialization
  • The government sold businesses to private entrepreneurs, who built huge industrial empires (zaibatsu), which are similar to the trusts and cartels that were in 19th century Europe, but these centered around the family
  • They often operated and controlled companies in several industries
  • the consent behind Japanese modernization was to achieve political and economic equality with the western powers in order to end unequal treaties
  • after the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate, the Meiji government sent out students and officials to the U.S. and Europe in order to obtain the knowledge and experience to strengthen Japan and industrialize it
  • centralized power and began to increase taxes on rice and grain to gain more funding to develop the economy
  • removed barriers to commerce and trade by abolishing guild restrictions and internal tariffs
  • By 1900, as a result of the government being active in their industrialization, and the creation of large scale, efficient enterprises, Japan became the most industrialized land in Asia
  • Japan was now poised for economic and industrial expansion in the 20th century.



Creators: Garrett Eyer, Christian Dudley, Cody Kitchener

Evaluated by Emilee Dellinger: Nice info! I really like the bullets they give alot of information in a small amount of time. From here you could write a compare and contrast little "essay" at the end were you can point out the causes more clearly to the readers. Even though visual aides are not required I would highly recommend putting in some pictures or diagrams to make the page a little more fun. Otherwise you guys answered the question clearly enough and I give you props on your hard work!!.

Evaluated by George Bailey: After reading this I feel I have gained a good bit of knowledge. One suggestion would be to compare them in a separate section, regardless of if it seems repetitive. Good work, and good work to Emilee too. There wasn't very much to edit.