Women and Confucianism

Women followed these relationships

Parent (mother)>Child (Son or Daughter)
Child (daughter)<Parent (Father or Mother)

· Women subservient to men
· Women followed the rules their fathers and later their husbands declared it like a law
· Children still showed respect to their mothers
· When they grew up they took care of their mothers

· During the Nara and Heian Periods, women followed the same Confucian ideals that Chinese women did

· Mainly noble and rich women
· Followed the ideals of Chinese women

· Did not really apply to women
· Mainly for educational purposes that women did not receive

Women and Buddhism

· In most cases, women were subordinate to men
· However, allowed women of different castes to become more equal

· Women were generally subordinate to men

· Mainly commoner or peasant women
· Also subordinate to men

· Women played a more active role
· Had more power

Women and Hinduism
Ideal wife very devoted and loyal to husband, during all times, including extreme hardships

Sati—the wife of a dead man throws herself upon her husband’s funeral pyre (the structure he is cremated on)
o Seen as an act of immortal love
o “purifies” the couple of all sin

Mostly equal to men in religion/education
o Participated in sacrifices along w/ men
o Allowed to study the Vedas (Hindu scripture/Indian texts)
o Could be students & teachers of ancient texts
o Several famed scholars & philosophers

Women and Christianity

  • Traditionally, Christianity granted authority over marriage and industry to men. This also included the acquiring of certain religious positions such as the clergy and deacons.
  • Today, more Christians are starting to disagree with traditional male dominance roles. Many argue that positional equality for women is given in Christianity with the creation of Adem and Eve, it would suggest that God had given the mortal pair equal responsibility and that in his eyes they weighed the same.

Contemporary Groups that suggest equality of women (complementarianism)
  1. Christian Egalitarian
  2. Christian Feminist

Throughout history, women have had less authority then men. However modern perspectives start to give the subject a different approach suggesting equality.

Women and Judaism
Determined by the Hebrew Bible. Given More rights than many religions but were still limited. Rabbis gave women legal opportunities to divorce.

  • Traditionally, women's roles were relatively similar to those of Christianity. However women gained certain rights during the middle ages that some Christians did not have like the ability to divorce
  • Today, women observe more rights but still follow certain traditional regulations depending on the branch of Judaism.

Creators: Micheal, Olivia, Alex
Evaluated by Hunter Corpus: made some grammar changes
Evaluated by Miki, Lindsey, Natalee