Japanese and European Feudalism
  • The lords ruled over nobles, samurai, and peasants
  • It developed from a blending of concepts:
    • De-centralized regional rule with traditional tribal organization and personal bonds of loyalty
  • It began with strong legalistic attitudes
  • Stressed vassal-lord obligations designed to ensure the allegiance of the former in periods of constant warfare
  • They both had hereditary caste systems:
    • Those who were born peasants had no chance of being anything other than peasants,and had little hope that their children would become anything other than peasants
    • Those who were born into families of local lords, which would consist of knights or samurai, would belong to the same caste as their parents, no matter how unqualified for leadership they might be
    • Over time these caste systems began breaking down, but they severely limited the opportunities of the masses for hundreds of years
Knights and Samurai
  • Knights and Samurai had servants or serfs to help work the lands that the Knights and Samurai recieved from their lords
  • Knights and Samurai received income from their lords in exchange for fealty or military service
  • Knights and Samurai both had codes of conduct expressing their loyality to their overlords
  • Most women were dominated by men
  • Both societies were agriculturally based

Japanese Feudalism
  • Started in the Kamakura era
    • Began in 1192 (12th century)
  • Basis of feudalism in Japan:
    • Chinese Confucian law and Buddhism
    • Chinese Confucian morality
  • Roles in Japanese Feudalism
    • The Emperor
      • After the begining of the Shogun in 1185, the emperor was just a figurehead
    • The Shogun
      • Minamoto No Yoritomo created the first shogunate in 1185
      • Military general who controlled power of Japan, but sometimes not all due to the landscape of Japan
    • The Daimyo
      • The leader of the strongest family
      • They were like warlords, they had their own army and people were forced to give the daimyo profits, in return the daimyo would protect the village
      • The daimyo also had to supply soldiers to the shoguns whenever they needed them, supplied peasants to help repair castles, houses and road building
      • During the Tokugawa shogunate, daimyo were required to live in Edo ( modern day Tokyo) so that shoguns could keep an eye on them.
    • The Samurai
      • Skilled Japanese warriors, equivalent to European knights
      • Only sons of samurai could become samurai
      • Follow the martial arts of Bushido and Kendo
      • Equivalent to knights in medieval
    • Peasants
      • Divided onto a series of classes: farmers being the highest class and merchants being the lowest
      • Had a very hard life
    • Farmers
      • Divided into those who owned their land (more important) and tenant farmers (less important)
      • Goal: make food valuable
    • Craftsmen
      • Second highest rank of peasants
      • Work was made out of wood and metal (pots, anchors, fishing hooks, etc.)
    • Merchants
      • Lowest class of citizens because of Japan's dislike with trade and interaction with other countries
      • Became richer and more popular than even samurai later on
    • Women
      • Became dominated by men but could become samurai warriors
  • Had more of a negative affect on its culture
  • Japanese feudalism did not have a true pyramid form with the monarch presiding over a hierarchy of less important nobles
    • Authority in Japan was much less centralized and the local lords did not give the samurai any land of their own
    • The rugged terrain of Japan made it difficult for the emperor to fully control the local aristocracy
  • Local aristocrats had much more power in Japan than they had in Europe
  • The samurai were given an independent income from their local lord (daimyo) in exchange for loyalty
    • Based upon what the lord's lands produced
    • They were not given land
  • Japanese samurai might have had servants
    • These servants did not work the land the way they would have done in Europe

European Feudalism
  • Established in the 7th century after the Roman Empire was sackedbannockburn-l.jpg
    • First appeared in Germany and France
    • First appeared as a tiny empire established by the Franks a.k.a.: The Carolingian Empire
    • De-centralized feudalism first appeared as a response to the constant invasions by the Muslims, Vikings, and the Magyars
    • De-centralization meant more localized protection for citizens.
  • Basis of European Feudalism:
    • Grounded in Roman legal structure
    • Based on the Roman Empire and the Germanic tribes
  • Roles in European feudalism
    • The King
      • The highest person in the hierarchy
      • Surrounded by nobles
    • The Church
      • Controlled the society and its relationship with God
      • Only solid, stable organization in western Europe
      • Pope was the top of authority
      • Regional bishops
      • supervised local priests/deacons
    • The Nobility
      • Collected the taxes, fought wars, and took care of overseeing the land
      • Consisted of Knights
      • offer military protection to the locals
    • The peasants
      • Worked the land, fought in the wars, and paid taxes
    • Serfs
      • They were like slaves but had some rights
      • Worked on the land of the king and knights in exchange for protection and money/food
      • Lived in self sufficient manors
      • Production was low as a result of limited equipment.
    • Women did not have many rights
    • *** They were usually confined to household tasks
  • European nobility received land in exchange for their military service
    • The samurai did not join a landowning hierarchy
  • European knights usually had their own serfs
    • They had serfs to work the land the knights received from their lord
    • Not the same work the Samurai's servants did in Japan
  • European Kings needed military but didn't have the money to fund it so they put in place the payment of land in exchange for service by knights.

Creators: Niki Kruger and Kendall Hoshko
Evaluated by: Grainger Steele Lanneau III
Ally Wilson- some puncuation chage and word flow
Olivia Obrecht - word flow change & spelling
Josh Abrantes - slight grammar check