I. Economic Interactions
A. Trade
*gold, ivory, and slaves were traded with Muslim merchants from other areas of and in exchange for glass, pottery, and luxury goods from other areas
*trading centers like Gao became influenced and many inhabitants became Muslim
II. Cultural Interactions
A. Change to Islam
  • Mansa Musa
-famous pilgrimage
-created Muslim schools and universities in Timbuktu
  • Sonni Ali
- led rebellion and had Muslim influences
III. Political Interactions (military and social)
A. Military
  • 640s - Dar al Islam incorporates Byzantine Egypt and North Africa
  • Expansion in the 17th century
B. Social
  • Swahili City States: interaction with Arabia (which was conquered by Islam) led to Swahili mosques

I. Economic interactions
A. The Islamic nation welcomed European trade, but had strict laws from the Sharia and the jizya to regulate their interactions.
b. Islamic economic developments exceeded the European equivalents in their early developments, mastering the arts of math, science, and papermaking while Europe was still struggling with internal conflicts. However, this later reversed, when the Islamic nation was overcome due to not keeping up with the developing gun technology and thus having outdated tactics and weaponry.
C. Due to the size of the Islamic nation, exports were diverse compared to the European exports. Thus, Islam originally had a much larger export/import ratio than Europe. Once again, this later changed.
D. Europeans were slow to expansion of empire, so the Islamic nation dwarfed it and had many more exploitable resources initially.

II. Political Interactions
A. Military Interactions
i. One of the first interactions was the Battle of Tours, where the Islamic expansion into Europe was repelled by Charles Martel.
ii. Military conflict was actually relatively little between dar al Islam and external countries, but internal rebellions and uprisings were occasionally observed.
iii. Later in history, the Islamic forces faced off against the Christian world through the Crusades, a set of wars against Islam to regain Israel and other "holy areas".
iv. Muslim forces were later defeated en masse due to economic decline and outdated military technology compared to other nations, such as England.
B. Social interactions
i. The Muslim traders constantly interacted with the outside nations in their travels through the world, often spreading the religion of Islam to outside nations.
ii. Muslim books and writing technology led to England and Europe's discovery of their past history, which they had failed to record but which dar al Islam hadn't.
iii. Europeans also recovered old Greek texts from the Muslims, these brought back enlightened thought which eventually led to the Renaissance.
C. Cultural Interaction
i. Religious beliefs often spread from Islam to European countries, but rarely vice versa.
ii. Religious disputes were often escalated into full blown wars between groups.

Creators: Daniel Shaughnessy, Kevin Brennan, and Andrew Fausett
Evaluated By: Alex, Ryan, and Kyle (E Period)- very good use of details to outline your main topics :)

Evaluated by: Luke, Lisa, and Ross (p.4)- we only added a couple facts. Very thourough!