Role and Function China
  • Modern and urbanized
  • Center of modernization
  • Key part to population growth b/c it increased income for people who wanted families
  • Basically economic power houses that fueled everything in China's society
  • Most of the important business and trade transactions occured within cities
  • Cities were the most modernized portion of China's societies
  • There were some cities used solely for trade in the desert along the Silk Roadsexternal image shanghai.jpg
  • Helped fuel economy
  • Helped society grow and flourish
  • Done as a way to increase money income and to get goods from other places
  • Connected different societies together as intricate trade systems
  • Main source of China's popularity/prosperity during the times of the Silk Roads
  • Imports: manufactured goods from Europe/India/etc.
  • Exports: silk, porcelain, jade, spices, etc. (luxury goods)

    Indian Ocean:
    Indian Ocean Trade and City Functions (600-1450CE)
    · During postclassical era, agricultural yields increase.
    · Leads to more available occupations in trade and manufacturing b/c less people need to farm.

    · Forges relations within regions of the Indian subcontinent.
    · Links India to Persia, Arabia, Africa, and China.
    o Ports in western India, Persian Gulf, and eastern Africa.
    · Use monsoon winds to sail their dhows and junks (large trade ships).
    · Trade routes relatively safe. The routes were not plagued with warfare, unlike the Mediterranean trade routes.
    · Its central location in the Indian Ocean made it the site of warehouses and cargo exchanges.
    · Indian exports: cotton textiles, tanned leather, carpets, high-carbon steel, pepper.
    · Indian imports: raw goods and exotic items like gold, ivory, slaves, horses. Religions like Islam also “imported.”
    · Main ports: Cambay, Calicut, Ceylon
    Persia and Arabia
    · Dominated Indian Ocean trade.
    · Exports: dates, incenses, horses.
    · Imports: manufactured goods from India, silk, etc.
    · Main ports: Siraf, Hormuz, Basra, Aden.
    East Africa
    · Kingdom of Axum (modern Ethiopia) traded with Indian Ocean civilizations.
    o Exports: Christianity, gold, ivory, slaves. Many of these goods were “funneled” from Egypt and sub-Saharan Africa.
    o Imports: manufactured goods, etc.
    o Main ports: Adulis (located on Red Sea)
    · Other East African ports: Zanzibar, Kilwa, Sofala, Madagascar.
    East Asia
    · Exports: fine spices
    · Imports: manufactured and raw goods.
    · Main ports: Melaka, Palembang in Sumatra.

    · All of the cities and ports mentioned above were influenced by the trade in their civ.
    · Coastal cities became multicultural due to the multitude of merchants passing.
    · Trade modernized cities, led to religious developments, spread ideas.

  1. Cities:
    • Cities in Europe were modern and urban
    • Helped spread the idea of industrialism to other European, Asian, and African societies
    • Eurpoean cities increased popularity of trans-continental trade.
  2. Trade**
    • During the High Middle Ages:
      • Reurbanization allowed cities to form and aricultural surplus to grow
      • Created long-distance trade networks that targeted the Mediterranean and Baltic and North Sea regions.
    • Transoceanic Encounters:
      • Christopher Colombus went from Europe to the Americas to spread religion, but ended up connecting Europe to the popular Spice Trade.
      • European curiosity led to the discovery of new chanels and waterways, allowed easier trade.
    • The Colombian Exchange:
      • While Americas and Pacific Islands gained European diseases, Europe gained new crops.
    • European Transformtion:
      • Tea (?) and influence from other countries led Europe to the Englightened Era.
    • Africa and Europe:
      • Europe's presence in Africa led to the trade of African slaves for European manufactued goods.
      • Corrupted the indigenous colonies.
      • Kongo, Ndongo, etc., became European settlements
    • European Effect of the American Colonies:
      • Europeans "Enlightened Era" inspired revolutions in America.
    • Industrial European Societies:
      • Industrialization led to better manufactured goods.
      • Factories allowed superior goods to be made and traded.

(Dear Aldworth, if you look at the history it will say that Kyana Van Houten edited this page, but it was NOT her. It was ME on HER page. We were using the same computer and I forgot to log into MY account while editing. Sorry for the trouble, Cassie S.)

(Creators: Cassie S., Hannah S., & Stephanie M.)
Evaluators: Bryan Abbott, Kevin Bruno, Jessica Helmstetter, Garrett Eyer-Although the writing was a bit small, the information was good and the bullets make for a quicker study tool. Also, the random bolding of text is kind of annoying, but overall a good job. , Christian Dudley, Cody Kitchner