- caused by following the Ancien Regime.
- also caused by widespread famine and malnutrition (rising bread prices!!!)
- revolutionaries worked to destroy absolute monarchy.
- revolutionaries used enlightened thought to justify the revolution
- began after estates general was called and third estate left and created the National Assembly at the tennis court
- there the third estate attendies vowed to fight for the revolution till there was change (a.k.a Tennis Court Oath).
- during it King Louis XVI was killed
- Robespierre was a major revolutionary who killed many and was not a good leader.
- He started the Reign of Terror.
- the Directory held control during the 2nd to last part of the Revolution.
- It was later replaced by the Consulate, which was created by Napolen Bonaparte.
- Link to French Revolution on French Revolution on


- Only Succesful slave revolt in history
- On the island of Saint-Domingue, a French Sugar plantation
- Majority of population slaves and gens du couleur (free people of color, including free slaves)
- slaves worked very hard, and many ran away to the mountains
- gens du couleur sent to support Americans against British in war of Independance
- came back hoping to reform society
- French revolution happened, and fights between settlers and G.D.C (gens du couleur) broke out
- Voodoo priest Boukman organized slave revolts
- bolstered G.D.C ranks
- French troops arrive to help settlers, and British/Spanish forces come to take advantage of French misfortune
- Leader of G.D.C: Francois-Dominique Toussaint (1744-1803)
- called himself Louverture (French word for "the openeing")
- Educated
- Strong morals (ex: helped his old master escape to a safe place, then joined the slave revolt)
- Skilled organizer, built strong army
- Played British, French, and Spanish against each other
- By 1797, his army controlled most of Saint-Dominique
- Wrote a constitution declaring freedom for all people of Saint-Dominique
- Did not declare independance from France as to not provoke Napoleon
- In 1802, Napoleon sent troops to retake Saint-Dominique
- Toussaint tried to negotiate, but was arrested and put in jail, where he died in 1803 of maltreatment
- Yellow Fever ravages French troops, and generals succeeding Toussaint drove the remaining French of the island
- Declared Independance and named the land "Haiti" meaning "Land of Mountains".


-British forces battled in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) which led to the Seven Years' War (1756-1763) - both fought on North American grounds
-To pay for amount of money lost the British taxed North American colonists heavily
-Parliamentary legislation: caused extreme tension between American Colonists and Britian
-Sugar Act - tax on molasses (1764)
-Stamp Act - tax on publications and legal documents (1765)
-Townshed Act - tax on variety of imported goods (1767)
-Tea Act - tax on Tea (1773)
-Enforcement of navigational laws- that required cargo to be held in British ships and pass British customs
-Quartering Act - required Colonists to provide housing for British troops (1765)
-In response to these British policies- colonists argued they should govern themselves
-created slogans like: "no taxation without representation"
-boycotted British products
-Boston Tea Party (1773)
-Conitental Congress (1774) - organized and coordinated the colonies' resistance to British policies
-1775: British troops and colonial militia fought at Lexington, near Boston. War for American Independence had begun.
- 4 July 1776: Continental Congress adopted "The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America"
-Declaration of Indepence was highly inspired from Enlightenment political thought
-"that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness"
- It echoed John Locke's theory of government:
- argued individuals should be able to secure their rights and holdings within the government
- authority and power is from "the consent of the governed"
- specified the abuses charged to the british by proclaiming the colonies "Freedom"
- The War for independence was uneven when just British againist American. But due to Britians strong hate from others, French forces joined the Americans to fight.
- George Washington an American president and military leader who provided strong leadership
- American and French forces finally surrounded Britian at Yorktown, Virgina: British surrendered in Octubre 1781
- Peace of Paris formally recongnized American independence
- Enlightened thought and will for the freedom of individuals: inspired and formed the Constitution of the United States .
-freedom of speech, press, and religion
- popular sovereignity government and agreed to follow this written constitution

All of the Revolutions

- caused by popular discontent within the people.
- tried to use enlightened thought to justify revolution.
- tried to use the power of the masses to succeed (tried to convince peasants).
- formed assemblies to try to strengthen and organize cause.
- copied other revolutions as a basis on what to do. (ex. French sometimes tried to copy the American revolution)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Created by: Ryan M, Brad, Ben
Evaluators: Katie, Tori, and Nick
good info, mostly spelling/grammar errors fixed
Evaluators: Coco Abrantes, Joe Rodgers, and Allen Fromlath
Fixed one or two minor spelling errors, could use visuals but other than that it was good